Members of the New York Typographical Society held fellow printer Daniel Fanshaw in high esteem. Upon his death at age 71 in February of 1860, its members proclaimed that for thirty days the Society’s rooms were to be draped in the black bunting of mourning in recognition of Fanshaw’s “sterling attributes…which characterize the good man—patience, perseverance, industry and integrity.”1
Fanshaw, who would one day
be known by many as “the greatest printer of his time,”2 was born
In 1810, Fanshaw
married Rebecca Melvin Ramage at
During the War of 1812, Fanshaw served in the New York Militia at Harlem Heights alongside 1600 other volunteers sent to defend the city against British invaders expected to attack through Long Island Sound.5 The threat never materialized, but his exposure in the autumn of 1814 to the rich, undeveloped Heights1 awakened the visionary in him, and at a later date he bought property there. Indeed, throughout his life, Fanshaw’s foresight allowed him to seize business opportunities others could not visualize; these included his investment in the future of Harlem Heights, an area described as a place of “emerald islands and wooded banks” where “the waters of the Harlem…wound along until they seemed to sink into the base of the distant, purple Palisades.”6
Upon Fanshaw’s return to civilian life, type-founder George Bruce, who earlier admired the young man’s printing skills, offered him the opportunity to start his own printing business although the printer “had not a dollar of capital” himself. He backed Fanshaw for one year, and though the business had not turned the corner by year’s end, Bruce encouraged Fanshaw by continuing to support his efforts. In time, Fanshaw’s business flourished,1 allowing him to live the American dream. He became the first printer for the American Bible Society and continued in that position for thirty years. His skill in combining three separate technologies—the stereotype printing process, the composition inking rollers process, and the Treadwell steam power press—revolutionized the printing industry.7 During his Society years, he printed between five and six million Bibles—an enormous feat for the time.
His printing accomplishments did not end there, however. He contracted to print for the American Tract Society as well. In addition, by his own account, he also published maps, commentaries, medical journals, literature and art reviews, and works that reflected his high moral beliefs and his compassion for the less fortunate.
Sometime around 1840, Fanshaw moved with his family
from the convenience of his
Daniel Fanshaw enjoyed considerable financial success
in part because of his wise investments in
Upon Daniel Fanshaw’s passing, Charles McDevitt, a New York Typographical Society associate and friend, gave tribute to Fanshaw. He began with the words, “Mr. Fanshaw was no ordinary man.”1
--Warren Fanshaw Rollins, III
1. NY Times,
2. Inland Printer,
Vol. 11, No. 8,
3. William T. Ramage Family Bible
4. Daniel Fanshaw Family Bible
6. Rambles Around
7. Scott S. Elliot. The Word in Text, Sound, and Image, ã 2001.